July 2017 paper by the Center for Global Development (CGD).
It examines the potential for blockchain technology on economic development, on four aspects:
- facilitating faster and cheaper international payments,
- providing a secure digital infrastructure for verifying identity,
- securing property rights, and
- making aid disbursement more secure and transparent.
It concludes that blockchain has potential for development but key constraints outside the technology itself need to be solved before it can be successfully applied to scale.
The original document can be found here.